What You Need To Know

Scarborough is the region of Toronto hugging the city’s eastern fringe. Known by Torontonians as a mosaic of different ethnic cultures, Scarborough is also known for its breathtaking natural scenery.

Explore the Scarborough Bluffs, giant clay cliffs spanning nearly 15 kilometres, while taking in all the natural beauty Lake Ontario has to offer. The Rouge River, running along the eastern edge of Scarborough, is one of the last Southern-Ontario areas untouched by development since the arrival of 17th Century French fur traders. The 47-sq-km Rouge Park is the first National Urban Park in Canada and encompasses First Nations archeological sites.

Feeling hungry? Sample one of Scarborough’s many authentic Asian restaurants, from Filipino to South Indian to Northwestern Chinese.

Scarborough is a popular destination for new immigrants in Canada to reside. As a result, it is one of the most diverse and multicultural areas in the Greater Toronto Area, being home to various religious groups and places of worship. It includes some of Toronto’s popular natural landmarks, such as the Toronto Zoo and Rouge Park. The northeast corner of Scarborough is largely rural with some of Toronto’s last remaining farms, leading to Scarborough’s reputation of being greener than any other part of Toronto.

Area: 187.7 km²
Population: 632,098 (2016)


  • The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; French: dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada. It is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or sometimes Can$ or C$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents (¢).Owing to the image of a loon on the one-dollar coin, the currency is sometimes referred to as the loonie by foreign exchange traders and analysts, as it is by Canadians in general, or huard in French.
    It is recommended that visitors exchange their currency at a bank, a foreign exchange outlet or use a banking machine.


Scarborough’s climate is moderate for Canada due to its southerly location within the country and its proximity to Lake Ontario. It has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa/Dfb), with warm, humid summers and generally cold winters. Mean temperature and precipitation tends to be slightly lower than the downtown core or south Etobicoke for instance, due in part to the weather station being farther from the moderating influence of the lake and also because of its more northeast location. Conditions vary based on proximity to the lake, with fog more common in the south and areas close to the lake noticeably cooler on hot summer days.


Toronto is home to more than 140 languages. According to Statistics Canada, while English is the predominant language in Toronto, other languages such as Cantonese, Mandarin, Tagalog, Italian, Spanish, Farsi, Russian, Korean, Tamil, Urdu, Polish, Somali, Arabic, Panjabi, Vietnamese and more each have tens of thousands of speakers.

Health and security

  • The government ensures the quality of care through federal standards. The government does not participate in day-to-day care or collect any information about an individual’s health, which remains confidential between a person and their physician. Canada’s provincially based Medicare systems are cost-effective because of their administrative simplicity. In each province, each doctor handles the insurance claim against the provincial insurer. There is no need for the person who accesses healthcare to be involved in billing and reclaim at all. Private health expenditure accounts for 30% of health care financing. The Canada Health Act does not cover prescription drugs, home care or long-term care or dental care, which means most Canadians rely on private insurance from their employers or the government to pay for those costs. Provinces provide partial coverage for children, those living in poverty and seniors.
  • A health card is issued by the Provincial Ministry of Health to each individual who enrolls for the program in the province and everyone receives the same level of care. There is no need for a variety of plans because virtually all essential basic care is covered, including maternity but excluding mental health and home care. Infertility costs are not covered in any province other than Quebec, though they are now partially covered in some other provinces. In some provinces, private supplemental plans are available for those who desire private rooms if they are hospitalized. Cosmetic surgery and some forms of elective surgery are not considered essential care and are generally not covered. For example, Canadian health insurance plans do not cover non-therapeutic circumcision. These can be paid out-of-pocket or through private insurers. Health coverage is not affected by loss or change of jobs, health care cannot be denied due to unpaid premiums, and there are no lifetime limits or exclusions for pre-existing conditions. The Canada Health Act deems that essential physician and hospital care be covered by the publicly funded system, but each province has some reasons to determine what is considered essential, and where, how and who should provide the services. The result is that there is a wide variance in what is covered across the country by the public health system, particularly in more controversial areas, such as midwifery or autism treatments.

    Canada (with the exception of the province of Quebec) is one of the few countries with a universal healthcare system that does not include coverage of prescription medication (other such countries are Russia and some of the former USSR republics even though Russia is considering a switch to full coverage of many prescription medications in the near future). Residents of Quebec who are covered by the province’s public prescription drug plan pay an annual premium of $0 to $660 when they file their Quebec income tax return.

  • Long term trends show that Scarborough is less prone to violent crime than the rest of Toronto. Between 1997 and 2006, the proportion of violent crime committed Scarborough averaged 20.4% despite its making up on average 23.6% of the city’s total population over that period. Murder rates for Scarborough and Toronto show no particular trend. Between 1997 and 2006, the ratio of murders in Scarborough as compared to the rest of Toronto ranged from a low of 8.8% to a high of 32.2%.


  • The MTO reports that one out of 17 auto accidents in Ontario involves a collision with (or is caused by) a wild animal. And these types of accidents are only increasing. Between 1999 and 2008, the number of collisions with wildlife increased 42%. Be particularly cautious in May, June, and October through December, which represent peak times of the year for collisions with deer and moose.
  • Stay with the vehicle in the event of a car accident. Do not leave the scene of the crash. Call police and exchange driver information, if applicable. Do not get into any arguments or talk about who was at fault for the accident.

    If injured in a car accident in Toronto, you may have questions about your rights to financial recovery. Call us at 1-800-JUSTICE® or complete this online Case Evaluation Form. There is no cost to speak to a personal injury lawyer about your potential compensation.


  • Scarborough has a whole roster of places to enjoy the fresh air so if I have a couple of hours to kill I’ll escape to The Bluffs or Rouge Park to get some fresh air and admire the views. If it’s a warm day you might even take a dip in the lake or the river and swim with the fishes. Rouge Beach is Scarborough’s best kept secret – it’s always quiet and the sand is completely rock-free.
  • While there isn’t much nightlife in Scarborough, there are a number of chill spots to drink and hang out in. The Queen’s Head is a local watering hole that packs a big crowd during big games. Twilight gets so packed on Thursdays it almost feels like a club — likely because you can get a whole bucket of beer at $20 while jamming out to Dancehall.
  • If there’s one thing every Scarborough native loves, it’s a good patty. Allan’s Pastry Shop – their flaky crust and spicy beef are what dreams are made of. Samosa King on Finch is, well. And as for your sweet tooth, Patisserie Royale’s baklava or 0109 Dessert & Chocolate’s flavoured creme brule both satisfy without fail every time.
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